Is Mozambican Growth Sustainable? A Comprehensive Wealth Accounting Prospect
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We estimate the wealth of Mozambique in 2000 and 2005 in order to assess the sustainability of its development path. Our methodology builds on Arrow et al. (2007). We show that Mozambican growth is driven mainly by human and physical capital accumulation, while the pressure on natural capital remains low. Moreover, changes in knowledge and institutions significantly enhance the outcome of the different capital assets while population growth has a strong downward effect on wealth per capita. In the end, we conclude that Mozambique, unlike many other sub-Saharan countries, followed a sustainable growth path in recent times.
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